Retas Sejarah

Kopda Sofyan Lewa (35 tahun) dari Skodam I/Iskandar Muda yang menyebut dirinya anggota penembak misterius untuk menggaet seorang gadis, akhirnya dihukum 1 tahun 2 bulan penjara potongan tahanan, dengan perintah segera masuk.

“Mengaku Penembak Misterius untuk Mempersunting Gadis”, Masa Kini, 20 Oktober 1984

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Since the economic crisis started in 1997, an increasing number of people in Indonesia are thrown into the harsh reality of joblessness. The younger generation is most severely affected by the lack of employment or pertinent possibilities of income generation, and identity creation. More than 40 million people are without a reliable income from employment in Indonesia today, most of them young and male, having nothing to sell but their own muscles. Rates of criminality have increased, not least as a consequence of weakened state and police power since the fall of Soeharto’s authoritarian regime in 1998.

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One of the most remarkable episodes in the history of the New Order was the wave of state-sponsored executions of suspected criminals which took place between 1983 and 1985. In this two year period, over five thousand people, none of whom had been tried, lost their lives at the hands of highly-trained hit squads known popularly as Petrus, an acronym of penembak misterius or ‘mysterious gunmen’.

Much has been written about the repression of political dissidents in Indonesia and the military operations against armed opponents of the Indonesian state in such places as Irian Jaya and East Timor. What was unusual about the Petrus campaign is that violence was used not to silence criticism or to defend the Indonesian state from perceived threats to its integrity, but as an instrument of social policy. It was a carefully planned and orchestrated military- intelligence operation intended, in the words of President Suharto, as “shock therapy” to curb radically the incidence of violent crime.

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The authoritarian regime and its leader are gone and the structures that main tained his power are weakened, but in post-New Order Indonesia violent conflict has become more frequent and more varied. It is no longer sufficient to explain the violence in the terms used by the regime and others during its rule. Scholars, human rights workers, and victims increasingly recognize the plurality of truths about violent conflict (Stoler 2002). State truths, reality’, and the ‘factual’ and ‘moral’ truths told by human rights organizations are all in tension (Sai Siew Min forthcoming; Ignatieff 1996). The continuing and escalating violence after the end of the New Order indicates that the ‘roots’ of the violence also lie outside the New Order (Schulte Nordholt 2002). During the New Order, explanations could be located within an authoritarian system that sponsored violence as a problem-solving method. Today, links between the actors involved in the conflicts in Ambon, West Kalimantan, and even Aceh, and the state elite in Jakarta cannot be made so easily.

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Kasus-kasus penembakan misterius (petrus) pada 1982-1985 silam kini jadi bahan pembicaraan lagi. Pekan lalu, Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia (Komnas HAM) menemukan ada pelanggaran HAM berat dalam pembunuhan sistematis atas para preman dan orang-orang yang dituduh melakukan kejahatan.

“Temuan ini sudah kami serahkan ke Kejaksaan Agung untuk ditindaklanjuti,” kata Ketua Tim Adhoc Penyelidik Pelanggaran HAM dalam kasus Petrus, Stanley Adi Prasetyo.

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Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia mendorong Kejaksaan Agung membuka kasus penembakan misterius atau petrus dan membawanya ke pengadilan. Ketua Tim Ad Hoc Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM Yosep Adi Prasetyo mengatakan jumlah korban dari peristiwa penembakan misterius tahun 1982 sampai 1985 mencapai 10 ribu orang.

Dari sekian orang yang dianggap preman oleh pemerintah Orde Baru, seorang di antaranya adalah Trimurjo alias Kentus. Ia menceritakan betapa ia sangat menderita akibat operasi petrus. Siapa saja yang dianggap gali atau preman, pasti mati ditembak secara misterius. Satu per satu nyawa teman-temannya hilang. Ada Wahyo, Tetuko, Kojur, Iren, Slamet Gajah, Slamet Gaplek, Polimron, Peno, dan Bandi Ponyol.

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