Retas Sejarah

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Index / David Bourchier

One of the most remarkable episodes in the history of the New Order was the wave of state-sponsored executions of suspected criminals which took place between 1983 and 1985. In this two year period, over five thousand people, none of whom had been tried, lost their lives at the hands of highly-trained hit squads known popularly as Petrus, an acronym of penembak misterius or ‘mysterious gunmen’.

Much has been written about the repression of political dissidents in Indonesia and the military operations against armed opponents of the Indonesian state in such places as Irian Jaya and East Timor. What was unusual about the Petrus campaign is that violence was used not to silence criticism or to defend the Indonesian state from perceived threats to its integrity, but as an instrument of social policy. It was a carefully planned and orchestrated military- intelligence operation intended, in the words of President Suharto, as “shock therapy” to curb radically the incidence of violent crime.

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Ketua Tim Ad Hoc Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM Yosep Adi Prasetyo mengatakan jumlah korban dari peristiwa penembakan misterius tahun 1982 sampai 1985 mencapai 10 ribu orang.

Data tersebut ia kutip dari penelitian David Bourchier yang berjudul “Crime, Law, and State Authority in Indonesia” pada 1990, yang diterjemahkan oleh Arief Budiman. Sedangkan dari pengaduan yang diterima oleh Komnas HAM, jumlah korban mencapai 2.000 orang lebih.

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