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Index / Operasi Clurit

One of the most remarkable episodes in the history of the New Order was the wave of state-sponsored executions of suspected criminals which took place between 1983 and 1985. In this two year period, over five thousand people, none of whom had been tried, lost their lives at the hands of highly-trained hit squads known popularly as Petrus, an acronym of penembak misterius or ‘mysterious gunmen’.

Much has been written about the repression of political dissidents in Indonesia and the military operations against armed opponents of the Indonesian state in such places as Irian Jaya and East Timor. What was unusual about the Petrus campaign is that violence was used not to silence criticism or to defend the Indonesian state from perceived threats to its integrity, but as an instrument of social policy. It was a carefully planned and orchestrated military- intelligence operation intended, in the words of President Suharto, as “shock therapy” to curb radically the incidence of violent crime.

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* “Gali” dengan Kategori Pelajar/Mahasiswa Tercatat 30 Orang

Kriminalitas di daerah Yogyakarta menurun drastis setelah pelaksanaan operasi penanggulangan kejahatan yang sampai sekarang sudah memasuki minggu keempat. Angka perampokan, penodongan dan pemerasan menunjukkan “nihil” pada bulan April, sedang jambret dan pencurian kendaraan bermotor hanya terjadi masing-masing sekali dan dua kali selama April sampai tanggal 23.

“Kriminalitas di Yogya Menurun Drastis”, Kompas, 25 April 1983, h. 1, V

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Pangkopkamtib Laksamana TNI Sudomo mengemukakan, selama Operasi Clurit berlangsung 43 orang pelaku kejahatan telah ditembak karena mereka melawan dan berusaha melarikan diri ketika ditangkap. Dari jumlah itu enan orang mati dan lainnya luka2.

“43 Orang Pelaku Kejahatan Ditembak, 6 Diantaranya Mati & Luka2”, Bernas, 17 Maret 1983

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Kriminalitas di Yogyakarta kini sudah mencapai tingkat yang memprihatinkan. Bagi petugas keamanan, gangguan itu merupakan tantangan yang harus segera dijawab. Demikian pendapat Letjen TNI Ismail, bekas Pangdam VII/Diponegoro yang disampaikan kepada wartawan dalam pertemuan perpisahan di kediaman resmi “Puri Wedari”, Semarang, Sabtu Siang.

“Kriminalitas di Yogya Memprihatinkan”, Kompas, 12 April 1983, h. 8

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The National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) announced on Tuesday that the summary execution-style killings between 1982 and 1985, known locally as penembakan misterius (mysterious shootings), or Petrus, were a gross violation of human rights as they involved systematic extra-judicial killing, torture and abduction.

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