Retas Sejarah

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Indeks / "Siskamling"

Justus M. van der Kroef, “Petrus: Patterns of Prophylactic Murder in Indonesia”, Asian Survey, Vol. 25, No. 7 (Jul., 1985), pp. 745-759 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2644242

Artikel ini mencoba membahas dan menyampaikan proses dan cara kerja perebutan kekuasaan territorial serta “pemberantasan” kriminalitas oleh Negara dalam bentuk keamanan lokal (siskamling) dan petrus. Van der Kroef dalam tulisannya mencoba membuat paparan umum tentang kondisi dari apa yang terjadi di masa 80-an. Konteks ekonomi politik juga dinyatakan oleh penulis sebagai latar belakang masalah kriminalitas yang muncul. Krisis ekonomi, banyaknya pengangguran, serta bahaya laten PKI disebutkan muncul sebagai latar belakang “pemberantasan” kriminalitas di masa itu. Namun dalam pembacaan saya dari tulisan van der Kroef, apa yang terjadi di masa itu terkait dengan upaya pemerintah merupakan suatu usaha pertunjukan kekuasaan dalam institusi bernama Negara.

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In keeping with the overt symbolism that marked political monuments in Suharto’s New Order, the Department of the Interior on Jakarta’s main square was ornamented with a giant kentongan. A kentongan is an instrument made from a hollowed branch that is struck to give off a sound. Kentongan have been used by neighborhood watches (rondo) in Java’s towns and villages for centuries as devices to keep thieves away, to call forth populations for territorial defense, and to keep people alert and ready toward off threats to community well-being. Hung by a mosque, in a guard house, or in front of the village head’s house, it is the quintessential technology for community policing. The kentongan at the Department of the Interior, by virtue of its size and location, would seem to represent a departure from the strictly local connotations of village kentongan. This grand kentongan was undoubtedly meant to provide the many thousands of kentongan in the nation’s villages and towns with a new center with which to resonate. Through a sort of crude symbolism, the installation of this kentongan signified the subordination of local security apparatuses to the overarching security framework provided by the state.

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